Bach's schematic, as it appears on the page, © Bradley Lehman, 2005-22, all rights reserved.
All musical/historical analysis here on the web site is the personal opinion of the author,
as a researcher of historical temperaments and a performer of Bach's music.

"All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them." - Galileo, son of musical theorist Vincenzo Galilei

"The quest continues, not for that complete 'authenticity' in performance which is unattainable and probably undesirable, but to establish what conditions are indispensable for any performance that hopes to capture the true essence of Bach's art. Possibly the most revealing discoveries still to be made await a more thorough application than has so far been attempted of the temperaments (tunings) in use during Bach's time." - Malcolm Boyd, in his biography of Bach, 1997

These epigrams summarize my thoughts about the present discovery of Bach's tuning method.


"There are three basic elements to music, which are harmony, melody, and rhythm. And of the three, the most important is intonation." - flautist John Solum, interview in Fanfare July/August 2005
"Steganography is the art of concealing the existence of information within seemingly innocuous carriers. (...) Drawings have often been used to conceal or reveal information. It is simple to encode a message by varying lines, colors or other elements in pictures. (...) Even the layout of a document can provide information about that document." - Neil F. Johnson

"When working on a problem, I never think about beauty. I think only of how to solve the problem. But when I have finished, if the solution is not beautiful, I know that it is wrong." - R. Buckminster Fuller

Bach's schematic, rotated for use