KFUPM PYP-English Technology 1 Podcasts
Technology 1 Unit 4 Technology and Sport
Modern sports materials are subjected to powerful forces. When a racket hits a ball, the impact causes compression (= squeezing) and tension (= stretching), and may cause bending (= compression + tension). Repeated friction makes clothing wear (= erode) away. A bicycle pedal may break because of fatigue (= weakening) if it is turned the same way repeatedly. 
Sports materials must have properties (= characteristics) to resist (= fight against) these forces. Equipment must be impact-resistant, fatigue-resistant, and tough (= difficult to break). Clothing must be wear-resistant, fit the body tightly and be aerodynamic (= able to move smoothly). Some materials should be rigid (= unbendable), others need to be flexible (= able to bend), or elastic (= able to change shape and return to their original shape). Some equipment must be hard (= able to cut, but not be cut by, other  materials). For fast sports, equipment needs a high strength- to-weight ratio (combining strength with lightness). Special materials are used for making modern sports equipment and clothing: 
• plastics — these are light and can be moulded into shape. Examples: polycarbonate (goggles), polyurethane (footballs), and polystyrene (inside bike helmets) 
• fibres — materials such as Lycra and Kevlar are used for sports clothing. 
• composites —these combine fibres and plastic and have a good strength-to-weight ratio. Examples: fibre glass (boats), graphite, and carbon-fibre (bicycle frames) 
• laminates — these are formed from two or more layers of plastic or composite metals such as titanium and aluminium, and alloys such as chrome-molybdenum (cro-moly) combine lightness, strength, and corrosion- resistance
jeudi 10 mars 2011
podcasst from Oxford English for Careers, Technology 1 Teacher’s Resource Book  Oxford University Press, 2007, by David Bonami; with additional material by Norman Glendinning