Glossary of Fashion Terms

(Cassin-Scott 6-8)

Beaver hat- A high-crowned hat made from felted beaver fur wool (Cunnington 14).

Breeches- An outer covering for the legs ending just above or usually just belowthe knees. (Cunnington 25)

Bicorne hat- Man's hat turned up at front and back forming points either side.

Campaign Wig- Military type wig with short side locks and short queue behind.

Chatelaine- Silver, gold or jeweled hook attached to bodice of a woman's
dress, from which hung an etui (thimble case), scissors, a watch,

and a set of keys (Barton, 350).

Clogs- A heavy, usually wooden-soled shoe designed to protect fancy the shoes from mud. (Barton 313)

Fichu- triangular piece of watenal draped over low neckline;
placed about the low neck of the dress and terminated below

the knees (Chalmers, 215).

Fob Pocket- A pocket stitched into the front of trousers, for the watch to be stored in.

Fontage- Linen cap with tall erections of lace or linen frills supported by wire frame.

Jackboots- Boots that raise to the knees and are made of leather. Worn by Officers with spurs and large buckels.

Justacorps- Bulky overcoat worn by men. Characterized by a wide skirt, bold cuffs, and capes that could be drawn around the shoulders.

Mantelet- Short wrap with holes for the arms, and tails that wrap around the waist. Mainly used over gowns while traveling to an event.

Pannier- French term for side hoops.

Redingote dress- A long dress resembling a caped overcoat.

Rococo- Style characterized by the elegant and delicate, the "feminine". The fashion world calls the 18th century the Age of Rococo (Barton, 301).

Spatterdashes- Closely fitting gaiters, designed to protect against mud. First worn by civilian and military men, bu then they went out of fashion. But they were retained by agricultural workers. (Barfoot 64)

Waistcoat- A coat worn over the shirt and vest, but underneath the overcoat. Less fabric makes this coat slimmer and lighter.