921 Influence of Tea Polyphenols and Nicotine on Streptococcus Mutans Growth

Friday, March 23, 2012: 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
J. FOLTZ1, M. LI2, R. HUANG2, and R. GREGORY2, 1Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, 2Dept of Oral Biology, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN
Objectives: Tea polyphenols have antimicrobial effects.  Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and epicatechin gallate (ECG) are polyphenols present in green and black tea.  S. mutans is a cariogenic bacterium.  People who smoke tend to have more caries than non-smokers.  Nicotine increases S. mutans growth at low concentrations.  The objective of this study was to measure the effect of tea polyphenols on S. mutans growth in the presence of nicotine.

Methods:  S. mutans UA159 was treated with nicotine (0-8 mg/ml), EGCG (0.25 mg/ml), and ECG (0.25 mg/ml) in combination with and without nicotine.  Growth effects were measured kinetically in microtiter plates over a 12 h period.  Lag time, time to maximal absorbance (Tmax), maximal absorbance, and maximal velocity (Vmax) of planktonic cells were measured.  Biofilm formation was measured using a crystal violet dye staining assay.  

Results:   S. mutans exposed to nicotine and EGCG demonstrated significantly increased Tmax (0-1 mg/ml of nicotine; p < 0.05) and a decrease in Vmax (0-1 mg/ml) in planktonic cells.  S. mutans exposed to ECG and nicotine displayed an increase in Tmax (0.25-1 mg/ml) and a decrease in Vmax (0- 2 mg/ml).  Biofilm formation of S. mutans with EGCG and nicotine exhibited a decrease in biofilm formation at 0.25, 1, 2, and 4 mg/ml of nicotine and an increase in biofilm formation at 0.5 mg/ml of nicotine.  Biofilm formation of S. mutans with ECG and nicotine demonstrated that ECG abrogates nicotine’s effect on S. mutans growth (0.25-4 mg/ml).

Conclusions:   These results suggest that both EGCG and ECG slowed the growth of planktonic S. mutans with no nicotine and at low concentrations of nicotine.  EGCG exhibited a biphasic response on biofilm formation.  ECG diminished nicotine’s stimulatory effect on S. mutans in biofilm formation.  This study provides evidence for the beneficial aspects of tea polyphenols on S. mutans treated with nicotine.  

Keywords: Antimicrobial agents/inhibitors, Caries, Microbiology and Tobacco