252 Comparison of SonicFillTM composite system with conventional bulk fill technique

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
M. CANNAVO, B. MAGNUSON, M. HARSONO, R.D. PERRY, and G. KUGEL, Tufts University, Boston, MA

Objectives: To compare voids created by SonicFillTM composite system with a conventional system using bulk fill technique.


Methods: Forty standard Class II preparations were prepared on sound extracted human third molar teeth by the same operator using a #330 carbide bur. Preparations were approximately 2.0mm in depth at the occlusal floor and 4.0mm in depth at the gingival floor. Samples were randomly assigned into four groups (n=10). Two composite systems were tested:  Filtek Supreme Ultra (3M ESPE) was used for groups 1and 2, SonicFill (Kerr) for groups 3 and 4. Composite and recommended adhesive system were applied according to the manufacturers' instructions. To ensure the results were not affected by the operator, two operators were randomly assigned to restore the composite. All samples were cured for 40 seconds with LED light (DEMI, Kerr) and placed in an incubator at 37oC for 24 hours to ensure complete polymerization of the materials. Samples were embedded into self curing acrylic resin and two consecutive cut sections were made in mesio-distal direction with a diamond wheel (Isomet, Buehler). Area of each void was measured with analyzer software. Total percentage of void was calculated based on the total area of voids on each section divided by the total area of the composite material. Statistical analysis was done by one-way ANOVA, with post-hoc analysis conducted via Fisher LSD. Significance was predetermined at p<0.05.





Percentage of void














Conclusions: In terms of the total percentage of voids, there was a statistically significant difference between groups, with groups 3 and 4 yielding a lower percentage of voids compared with groups 1 and 2.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: Kerr Corporation

Keywords: Bulk Fill, Composites, Dental materials, Effectiveness and Teeth