367 Secreted frizzled related-protein 2 and Wnt signaling in osteogenic cells

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
N. BURBACH1, B. SWORDER2, A.D. BERENDSEN3, S. KUZNETSOV3, K. HOLMBECK3, N. CHERMAN3, B. MCCLENDON3, M. PHILLIPS3, and P. GEHRON ROBEY3, 1School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 2School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, MA, 3Craniofacial and Skeletal Disease Branch, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
Objective: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are a population of fibroblastic reticular cells in bone marrow, a subset of which are multipotent stem cells with the capacity to regenerate all types of skeletal tissue.  Previously, we demonstrated that multipotent single colony-derived strains of human BMSCs express significantly higher levels of secreted frizzled related protein-2 (SFRP2) than non-multipotent clonal strains.  While SFRP2 is thought to modulate the wnt signaling pathway, its exact function remains unclear.  In this study, we investigated the role of sfrp2 on the differentiation of murine BMSCs.

Method: An immortalized BMSC line (imBMSC) from a primary culture of FVB/NJ mouse cells were used.  Sfrp2 siRNA was used to knockdown expression, and cells were cultured with 1 mM β-glycerol phosphate, supplemented with either dexamethasone or rhBMP2.  qRT-PCR assessed the relative expression of osteogenic transcription factors, runx2 and osterix.  Western blot analysis detected the phosphorylation of Lrp6.  Expression of wnt target genes, axin2, c-myc, and cyclin D1 was determined by qRT-PCR.  In in-vivo transplantation assays, primary BMSCs isolated from sfrp2 +/- and sfrp2 -/- mice were transplanted with collagen sponges into immunocompromised mice.  Ossicles were harvested and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and examined histologically.

Result: We found that knockdown of sfrp2 decreased expression of osteogenic transcription factors, runx2 and osterix, and resulted in decreased ability to support the formation of a mineralized matrix.  Sfrp2 knockdown decreased the phosphorylation of the Wnt co-receptor, Lrp6, as well as of the expression of Wnt target genes, axin2, cyclin D1, and c-myc.  The addition of recombinant sfrp2 increased the phosphorylation of Lrp6, and partially rescued the expression of axin2 and c-myc.

Conclusion: Our data indicate that sfrp2 expression plays an important role in mediating the osteogenic differentiation of murine BMSCs, and suggests that it may exert its influence by enhancing canonical wnt signaling.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: NIH/NIDCR

Keywords: Bone, Fibroblasts, Mineralization and Stem Cells