98 Cigar and Cigarette Smoke Effect on Streptococcus Mutans and Sanguis

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 8 a.m. - 9:30 a.m.
Presentation Type: Oral Session
S. POURSHAHIDI1, H. EBRAHIMI2, A. BAZARGANI3, E. ANSARIFARD4, and F. KARIMI4, 1Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine Dept, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, 2Department of Oral medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, 3Microbiology Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, 4Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cigar and cigarette smoke on the growth of streptococcus mutans and streptococcus sanguis

Methods: The standard strains of s.mutans (ATCC25175) and sanguis(ATCC10550) were cultured on blood agar and incubated for 48h in different  environments: atmospheric air, microaerophillic, carbon dioxide, cigar and three type of cigarette smoke (Winston ,ultralight Winston and kent). Then digital photographs of the colonies were taken and the diameter of the colonies was measured. Data were analyzed using post hoc and general linear model statistical tests.

Results: Both cigar and cigarette smoke significantly increased the growth of s.mutans and s.snguis.   in almost all environments except cigar smoke, the growth of mutans was more than sanguis. The diameter of mutans colonies in dioxide ,microaerophilic, cigar and cigarette smoke (Winston,ultra light wniston and kent) showed in order: 82%, 65%, 69%, 106%, 92% increase and the diameter of sanguis  showed in order: 45%, 53%, 137%, 89%, 40%, 55% increase.

Conclusions: These findings indicate that cigarette smoke increases the mutans/sanguis  ratio but cigar smoke decreases this ratio.

Keywords: Bacterial, Microbiology, Tobacco and streptococcus mutans