1249 Fibrochondrocytes Derived from Human Mesenchymal Stem/Progenitor Cells for TMJ Regeneration

Saturday, March 24, 2012: 9:45 a.m. - 11 a.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
J.Y. SUN, C. LEE, and J. MAO, College of Dental Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY
Objective: Fibrocartilage undergoes structural breakdown in TMJ arthritis. Cells in fibrocartilage are referred to as fibrochondrocytes, but are poorly understood.  Fibrochondrocytes conceptually originate from mesenchymal cells, but there is little experimental evidence that fibrochondrocytes derive from postnatal MSCs.  Clinically, large quantities of fibrochondrocytes are needed for TMJ regeneration.  Here we hypothesized that human bone marrow stromal/stem cells can be manipulated to differentiate into cells with certain characteristics of fibrochondrocytes.

Method: Human bone marrow stem/stromal cells (hMSCs) were isolated per our prior published methods.  Passage 2~3 hMSCs in monolayer or 3D pellet cultures were treated by sequential or combined connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and transforming growth factor β3 (TGFβ3) for up to 4 wks.  Fibrochondrogenic differentiation was evaluated using Alcian blue (AB) and Picrosirious red (PR) staining, and glycosaminoglycan (GAGs) and collagen (COL) were quantitatively assayed.  Immunofluorescence was performed to identify cells expressing proCOL-I and/or proCOL-IIα.   Single cell cloning was performed to appreciate the heterogeneity and specific lineage characteristics.

Result: Sequential or combined treatment of CTGF and TGFβ3 generated notable deposition of both GAG and collagen matrix. MSCs with sequential treatment of CTGF and TGFβ3 displayed significantly more pro-COL-I+/pro-COL-IIα+ cells than combinations of CTGF and TGFβ3.  Certain clonal progenies (~55%) were capable of differentiating into fibrochondrogenic, osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic lineages.  Single cell clones following sequential CTGF and TGFβ3 exposure simultaneously synthesized both type I and type II collagen.

Conclusion: These data provide the first original clue of derivation of fibrochondrocytes from bone marrow stem/stromal cells. Extending from our recent report of fibroblastic differentiation from MSCs by CTGF alone (Lee, et al., JCI 2010), the present findings suggest that sequential, but not concomitant, exposure of CTGF and TGFβ3 generates fibrochondrocytes.  Together, these findings may have implications in a reproducible yield of fibrochonddrocytes for TMJ regeneration.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: NIH/NIDCR grant RC2 DE020767

Keywords: Fibrochondrocytes, Joint dysfunction, Oral surgery, Regeneration and Tissue engineering
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