1014 Influence of Light on Bonding of Dual-cure Resin to Ceramic

Friday, March 23, 2012: 3:30 p.m. - 4:45 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
F. OZER, K. KASHYAP, F. MANTE, and M.B. BLATZ, Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Objective: To measure and compare shear bond strength of three dual-cure composite resin cements; EXP (experimental cement), PAF (Panavia F 2.0, Kuraray), and MAM (Multilink Automix, Ivoclar Vivadent) to leucite reinforced feldspathic ceramic (Ivoclar Vivadent) with (WLI) and without light irradiation (W/OLI).

Method: Forty square blocks (10 x 10 x 3 mm) were prepared for each cement group from the ceramic material (total n=120).The top surfaces of blocks were acid etched with hydrofluoric acid (4.8%) for 60 seconds. Cylindrical composite samples (2.1 mm in diameter, 3 mm in height) were prepared and  bonded to the ceramic  surfaces with one of the study cements in a special alignment apparatus, where a load of 1000 g was applied for 10 minutes. Half of the specimens were light cured, while the other half was prepared and kept in a darkroom without light exposure. The light-cure specimens were irradiated for 40 s from three sides for a total of 120 s. The specimens were stored in deionized water at 370 C for 24 h and thermocycled for 10,000 cycles between 5 to 600C with 60 s dwell time. Shear bond strengths were determined at a cross-head speed of 0.5 mm/minute. Shear forces were converted to MPa by dividing the failure load by the bonding area. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test. Result:



Bond strength [Mpa]±SD












EXP showed the highest bond strength values after light irradiation. However, bond strength was significantly less for PAF and EXP when cements were not lightcured (p<0.05), Bond strength did not change for MAM with or without light curing. *Means with same letter are not different

Conclusion: Self-curing capacity of dual-cure resin cements significantly affects their bonding performance to ceramic surface.


Keywords: Adhesion, Cements, Ceramics, Curing lights and Dental materials