1310 Shear Bond Strength of Sealant under Saliva/Blood Contamination

Saturday, March 24, 2012: 9:45 a.m. - 11 a.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
M.C. BORSATTO, I. MALUTA, A.M. CORRÊA-AFONSO, and R. GALO, Department of Pediatrics Clinics, Preventive and Social Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
Objective: To assess in vitro the shear bond strength at the sealant/enamel interface in permanent teeth under contamination with fresh human saliva/blood. 

Method: 60 crowns of molars were embedded in acrylic resin and mechanically ground to expose a flat enamel surface, polished and etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel for 15 s. The specimens were randomly assigned to four groups (n=15), according to the surface treatment. Group 1 (control) had no saliva/blood contamination. The other groups were saliva/blood-contaminated and subjected to different post-contamination protocols: in Group 2, the surfaces were contaminated and applied sealant Fluroshield; in Group 3, the surfaces were contaminated, after Single Bond adhesive system was applied and sealant Fluroshield; in Group 4, the surfaces were contaminated, after Prime&BondNT adhesive system was applied and sealant Fluroshield. In all groups, a 3-mm enamel bonding site was demarcated and the contaminated groups were done with 0.01 mL of fresh saliva/blood for 20s. After 24 hours in distilled water, shear bond strength was tested at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute.

Result: Means (in MPa) were: Group 1: 12.61 (0.77); Group 2: 2.28(0.90); Group 3: 7.07 (0.55) and Group 4: 7.79(0.78). Data were analysed statistically by the ANOVA and Duncan test at 5% significance level. Groups 3 and 4 were similar to each other (P > 0.05). These groups (1, 3 and 4) had statistically significantly higher bond strengths than Groups 2.

Conclusion: Saliva/blood contamination negatively affected the shear bond strength to permanent tooth enamel. Among the saliva/blood-contaminated groups, no difference was observed between the adhesive systems.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: FAPESP - Grant number 2010/10728-3

Keywords: Adhesion, Blood, Enamel, Saliva and Sealants