544 Evaluation of propolis as irrigant in teeth with pulp necrosis 

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 3:30 p.m. - 4:45 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
C.A.T. CARVALHO1, L.D. OLIVEIRA SR.2, A.O.C. JORGE1, M.C. VALERA1, A.C.C. XAVIER1, A. CHUNG1, and B.P. GOMES3, 1Restorative Dentstry, Universidade Est. Paulista Julio Mesquita, Sao jose dos campos, Brazil, 2Bioscience and Buccal Diagnosis, Universidade Est. Paulista Julio Mesquita, São Jose dos Campos, Brazil, 3Unicamp, Piracicaba SP, Brazil
Objective: The aim of this study was in vivo evaluate 12% propolis glycolic extract (auxiliary chemical solution) and calcium hydroxide as a medication in root canal treatments of teeth with pulp necrosis and periapical lesion, through the culture of microorganisms, quantification of endotoxins and detection of microorganisms by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). 

Method: Thirty human teeth with pulp necrosis and periapical lesion were divided into 3 groups (n=10) according to the auxiliary chemical solution used for biomechanical preparation: G1) 1% sodium hypochlorite; G2) 2% chlorhexidine gel; G3) 12% propolis glycolic extract. Collections were performed in three times: immediately after coronary open (1st), after instrumentation (2nd) and after 14 days with intracanal medication (3rd). For all collections were performed the following tests: microorganisms detection by PCR; assessment of microbiological growth and quantification of endotoxin (Limulus amoebocyte lysate assay). The results were submitted to Kruskal Wallis and Dunn’s test (5%)

Result: The results showed decrease in the amount of microorganisms and endotoxins after the 2nd and 3rd collections compared to the 1st for all irrigation solutions (p>0.05). Root canals showed microbial diversity, but Parvimonas micra was predominant among the other microorganisms studied. 

Conclusion: It was concluded that 12% propolis extract showed activity against microrganisms and endotoxins similar to the others auxiliary chemical solutions. Parvimonas micra was the most frequently microorganism detected in root canals of teeth with pulp necrosis and periapical lesion.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: FAPESP Process number: 09/54621-0

Keywords: Antimicrobials, Endodontics, Microbiology, Molecular biology and Teeth