601 Three-dimensional Airway Volumes and Most Constricted Areas in Children

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 3:30 p.m. - 4:45 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
K.S. KULA1, E.J. AHN1, S.S. LIU1, K. STEWART2, G. ECKERT3, S. HALUM4, J.K. DILLEHAY5, F. ERASO6, and A. GHONEIMA1, 1Orthodontics and Oral Facial Genetics, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, 2Indiana University School of Dentistry, Carmel, IN, 3Biostatistics, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, 4Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, 5Private Practice, Wichita, KS, 6Private practice, Indianapolis, IN
Objective: The objectives of this retrospective study using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) were to determine if there are differences in the volume of various airway segments and the most constricted area (MCA) of children with different dentoskeletal patterns.

Method: The initial CBCTs of 83 orthodontic patients (30 Angle Class I; 26 Class II; and 27 Class III) were collected from a private orthodontic office.  Following reliability studies, various parameters of the craniofacial complex, airway volume, and MCA were measured utilizing Dolphin 3D software.  Comparisons among the three dental and the skeletal malocclusion groups were performed using one-way ANOVA and Fishers Protected Least Significant.  Associations of the airway volumes and the MCA with other parameters were determined using correlation coefficients, accepting p < 0.05 as significant for all tests.

Result: Maxillary right sinus volume was the only airway segment showing significant difference among different dental classes.  Maxillary sinus volume also correlated moderately with anterior facial height and mandibular length.  No significant differences were found between the MCA and different dentoskeletal classifications. 

Conclusion: The only significant difference in airway parameters among the dentoskeletal classes was that the dental Class II subjects had greater right sinus volume than the other classes.  Shorter anterior facial height or mandibular length could be indicators for decreased airway volume in children.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: IUSD Graduate Research Committee, IUPUI Three-Dimensional Imaging of the Craniofacial Complex Center, Jarabak Endowed Professorship

Keywords: Digital image analysis, Malocclusion and Orthodontics
See more of: Craniofacial Anatomy
See more of: Craniofacial Biology