808 Randomized Clinical Trial of Implant-Supported Ceramic-Ceramic Posterior FDPs

Friday, March 23, 2012: 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
J. ESQUIVEL-UPSHAW, Department of Restorative Dental Sciences- Center for Dental Biomaterials, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, A. CLARK, Department of Restorative Sciences-Center of Dental Biomaterials, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, and K. ANUSAVICE, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
Objective:   To determine the survival of implant supported ceramic-ceramic posterior prostheses as a function of occlusal veneer thickness, radius of curvature of gingival embrasure and connector height.

Methods: A total of 47 subjects were randomly assigned to receive either a three-unit posterior metal-ceramic FDP (Au-Pd-Ag alloy and InLine POM, Ivoclar, Vivadent) or a ceramic-ceramic FDP (ZirCAD and ZirPress, Ivoclar, Vivadent) or both.  The two groups were further randomized into three different groups with occlusal veneer thicknesses of 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 mm; connector heights of 3, 4, or 5 mm; and a radius of curvature at the gingival embrasure of 0.5, 0.75, or 1.5 mm. Patients were enrolled after eligibility criteria were met and two endosseous implants (Osseospeed, Astra) were placed.  Custom abutments (Atlantis, Astra) were placed to receive either a computer-designed, machine-milled zirconia FDP or a metal-ceramic FDP with two crown retainers and a pontic. Patients were recalled at 6 months, 1 year and 2 years.

Results: A total of 64 FDPs in 47 patients (19 males, 28 females) were placed with 32 ceramic-ceramic and 32 metal-ceramic prostheses.  Nine FDPs exhibited chipping fracture of the veneer during the two-year observation period, representing 14% of the population. Six of the nine FDPs that chipped were ceramic-ceramic, five of these had a 1.5-mm occlusal veneer thickness, and one had a 0.5-mm veneer thickness.  Of the three metal-ceramic fractures, each had a 0.5 mm-thick veneer.

Conclusion:   Although no statistically significant differences will be reported until the study is completed, preliminary data indicate that metal-ceramic restorations with increased veneer thicknesses exhibited a greater resistance to fracture.  Ceramic-ceramic restorations exhibited twice the fracture rate as metal-ceramic FDPs and are susceptible to chipping fractures in veneer ceramics of increased thickness. Supported by NIH-NIDCR Grants K23DE018414 and DE06672, Ivoclar Vivadent, and Astra Tech.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: NIH-NIDCR Grants K23DE018414 and DE06672 Astra Tech, Ivoclar Vivadent

Keywords: Ceramics, Clinical trials and Prosthodontics
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