1155 MKP-1 Deficiency Alters Osteoclastogenic Potential in Hematopoetic Progenitor Populations

Friday, March 23, 2012: 3:30 p.m. - 4:45 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
M.S. VALERIO, and K.L. KIRKWOOD, Craniofacial Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC
Osteoclasts (OC) are large multinucleated bone-resorbing cells that function both physiologically in bone turnover and pathologically in inflammatory bone loss.  Under normal physiological conditions, macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL) drive a complex process of osteoclastogenesis in cells of hematopoetic origin in part through activation of intracellular MAP kinase (MAPK) signaling.

Objective: In the present study, our objective was to determine the role of MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) in osteoclastogenesis in defined osteoclast progenitor populations.

Method: Osteoclast progenitor cells were flushed from bone marrow of WT and MKP-1 KO mice and sorted into CD11bhi (Macrophage (MΦ)), CD11blo (MΦ lineage), and CD11b- (non-MΦ) populations and stained for M-CSF Receptor (CD115) and stem cell marker c-kit (CD117).  Defined populations were plated for TRAP staining and RNA expression via RT-qPCR in response to M-CSF or M-CSF+RANKL for 3, 5, 7 and 9 days. 

Result: Sorting and immunophenotyping revealed that KO mice had significantly reduced expression and altered distribution of CD11b, CD115 and CD117 in each sorted population compared to sorted WT controls. TRAP staining results indicate that cells depleted of CD11b (low/neg) were more highly osteoclastogenic and larger in KO populations compared to control. Finally, OC markers NFATc1, DCSTAMP, cathepsin k and calcitonin receptor showed significant differences between sorted groups and in WT vs KO. 

Conclusion: Taken together, our data indicates that osteoclastogenesis is enhanced in low/neg cells.  Moreover, MKP-1 KO low/neg populations had increased OC number and size indicating that some hematopoetic lineage subsets are greatly affected by the absence of MKP-1 than others during ostoclastogenesis.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: NIH 5R01DE018290 NIH 5T32DE017551

Keywords: Immunology, Osteoblasts/osteoclasts, Progenitors and Resorption