1505 Prevalence and Distribution of Gingivitis in Teenagers of  Campeche, 2011

Saturday, March 24, 2012: 9:45 a.m. - 11 a.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
L.F. HERRERA, M. ZAZUETA, and A. SÁNCHEZ, Epidemiología, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, Mexico
Gingivitis is the most common pathology of periodontal diseases, caused by bacterial plaque and basically affects the gum. The signs and classic symptoms of gingivitis are red gums, swollen and sensitivity they can bleed during brushing, gingival recession and halitosis. Objective: The goal was determine the prevalence and distribution of gingivitis in adolescent students in the town of Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Campeche in 2011. Methods: a study was carried out through a cross-sectional design, 382 students of the scientific  College  and Technology Studies in the State of Campeche, campus Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Champotón Municipality of  Campeche. The variables studied were gingivitis age and sex, to assess the gingivitis was used gingival index (Löe, Silness, Schour and Massler). The clinical examinations were carried out by one standardized examiner (Intraexaminer Unweighted kappa= 0.90).  Results: The Prevalence of gingivitis was 37 %; Mild inflammation 19 %. Moderate Inflammation 12% and Severe inflammation 6 %. 52% are female and 48% male, with a range of 15 to 20 years old and an average of 17.68 ± 1.98. The association between gingivitis and sex was 1.24 OR. p = 0.032 for male and the association with age of 3.04 OR p = 0.007. Conclusions: the prevalence of gingivitis was high despite being a young population. Is necessary to implement public health preventive measures and treatment for those affected.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Gingivitis, Periodontal disease and Periodontium-gingiva