298 Dental Aesthetics Index and Orthodontic Treatment Needs In Young

Thursday, March 22, 2012: 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m.
Presentation Type: Poster Session
M. ZAZUETA, L.F. HERRERA, and M.L. CORTEZ, Epidemiología, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, Mexico
Malocclusion is a problem perceived by the population because it affects the aesthetics and functionality of the stomatognathic system, due to the loss of a harmonious relationship between the jaws and teeth (Karaiskos et al., 2005). Because malocclusion not compromise the overall condition of individual patients do not have access to comprehensive care of these anomalies. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the dental aesthetics index (DAI) and orthodontic treatment needs in young in the City of Campeche in 2010. Method: A cross-sectional design were studied for 100 survivors of the hospital ISSSTE “Dr. Patricio Trueba Regil”,  58% were female, the examination was conducted through dental aesthetics index and Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need for a standardized examiner; Intra-examiner Kappa 0.89. Result: The findings showed 57% of orthodontic treatment needs. DAI reports: 46 % normal occlusion, defined malocclusion 33 %, severe malocclusion 14 %  and 7% disabling malocclusion. With regard to the right molar the relationship was 47% Class I, Class II 49% and 4% Class III in Angle classification. The relationship of left molar showed 46% Class I, 47 Class II and Class III 7% respectively.  Was a positive association between orthodontic treatment needs and age groups Chi2= 5.52 P=0.000.  The relationship between orthodontic treatment needs and sex was significant with a Chi2=1.866 P=0.04. Conclusion: Orthodontic Treatment Need is very high in this population; this represents a public health problem. These results allow us to develop treatment strategies in this population.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Esthetics, Malocclusion, Occlusion and Teeth
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