Maryfran Sowers
School of Public Health
Fall 2008

Fall 2003: Epidemiology Data in Michigan

Native American Definitions | Maps
Tribes by State

American Factfinder | Data Files | Geography
Minority Calculation | Subjects | Technical Documentation

Population Estimates | American Community Survey | IPUMS

CDC Wonder | Indian Health Service | Statistical Universe

Citations | Excel | Further Help


Last updated on September 4, 2008


Native American Definitions

Native American Maps

Native American Tribes by State


Census Questionnaires: 1990 and 2000

Marital status, housing value and rent in the 1990 Census appear as sample data in the 2000 Census. Grandparents as caregivers added. Condominium housing, water and sewer dropped in the 2000. Multiple races possible in 100% portion of the 2000 Census; data may not be comparable to previous years.

100-Percent Items

1990 2000
PopulationHousing PopulationHousing
Household relationship Tenure (owner or rented) Household relationship Tenure (owner or rented)
Sex Units in structure Sex
(one race only)
Rooms in unit Race
(multiple races)
Hispanic originVacancy characteristics Hispanic origin
AgeValue of home Age
Marital statusRent paid
... Congregate housing ...

Sample Items

1990 2000
Units in structure
Rooms in unit
Marital status Value of home
Grandparents as caregivers Rent paid
School enrollmentYear structure built School enrollment Year structure built
Educational attainmentYear moved into residence Educational attainmentYear moved into residence
State or foreign country of birthSource of water State or foreign country of birth
Citizenship and year of immigrationSewage disposal Citizenship and year of immigration
Language spoken at homeHeating fuel Language spoken at homeHeating fuel
AncestryPlumbing and kitchen facilities AncestryPlumbing and kitchen facilities
Place of residence 5 years agoNumber of bedrooms Place of residence 5 years agoNumber of bedrooms
Veteran statusFarm residence Veteran statusFarm residence
DisabilityTelephone DisabilityTelephone
Labor force statusVehicles available Labor force statusVehicles available
Place of workShelter costs Place of workShelter costs
Journey to workCondominium status Journey to work
OccupationUtilities Occupation
Industry Industry
Class of worker Class of worker
Work experience in 1989 Work experience in 1999
Income/poverty in 1989 Income/poverty in 1999
Year last worked

Key factors to research: age, race, sex, the elderly, income and poverty, unemployment, industry, occupation, and type of disability (e.g. mobility limitation). The Census does not cover deaths in a given year or individual disabilities such as being quadriplegic.

Definitions for the 2000 Census appear in the Appendix B to the Summary File 3 Technical Documentation


Facsimile questionnaires appear in Appendix D of the Summary File 3 Technical Documentation:



METHOD AMichigan
Total Population
- Non-Hispanic White
= Minorities
METHOD BMichigan
White Alone
- Non-Hispanic White
= Hispanic White
White Hispanic
+ Black Alone
+ American Indian Alone
+ Asian Alone
+ Hawaiian/PI Alone
+ Other Alone
+ Two + Races
= Minority

Census Geography
See also a Map Example

Metro Area
Census Tract
Block Group

In addition, an Urban Cluster is a densely settled area of 2,500 to 50,000 persons, and an Urbanized Area is a densely settled area of over 50,000. It is possible to have urban clusters outside metropolitan areas, and rural sections within a metropolitan area.

Data Files

Summary File 1
SubjectsGeography Race
Household relationship
Hispanic origin
Age, including single years
Housing owner/renter occupied
Group Quarters
Unmarried partners
All levels to block
Some details limited to tract
Seven Major Racial Groups

Summary File 2
SubjectsGeography Race
Household relationship
Hispanic origin
Housing owner/renter occupied
Group Quarters
Unmarried partners
Extremely detailed cross classifications by 250 races
All levels to census tract
Must have 100 of race in area
132 races, 78 Native American tribal categories (39 tribal groups), 39 Hispanic groups. Best for Epidem 552

Summary File 3
SubjectsGeography Race
Subjects in SF 1 in less detail
Marital status
Grandparents as caregivers
School enrollment
Educational attainment
State or foreign country of birth
Citizenship and year of immigration
Language spoken at home
Place of residence 5 years ago
Veteran status
Labor force status
Place of work
Journey to work
Class of worker
Work experience in 1999
Income and poverty in 1999
Housing units in structure
Rooms in unit
Value of home
Rent paid
Year structure built
Year moved into residence
Heating fuel
Plumbing and kitchen facilities
Number of bedrooms
Farm residence
Vehicles available
Monthly shelter costs
All levels to block group
Racial breakdowns only at tract level
Seven Major Racial Groups

Summary File 4
SubjectsGeography Race
Subjects covered in Summary File 3
Detailed cross classifications by race and ancestry
All levels to census tract 132 races, 78 Native American tribal categories (39 tribal groups), 39 Hispanic groups and 86 ancestries. Best for Epidem 552

American Indian/Native American File
SubjectsGeography Race
Subjects covered in Summary Files 1 and 3 Nation, states, metro areas and AIAN homelands. 1081 AIAN tribes

Demographic Profiles
Brief data in SF1, SF2, SF3, and SF4
U.S., states, counties, places, MCDs, MSAs, Native American areas, and 106th Congress Districts

Technical Documentation

Summary File 1 Technical Documentation

Summary File 2 Technical Documentation

Summary File 3 Technical Documentation

Summary File 4

American Factfinder

Data Sets is the major data access point. It includes links to 2000 and 1990 Decennial Censuses, American Community Survey, and 1997 Economic Census.

Data can be downloaded in comma-delimited and tab delimited formats, as is or with columns and rows transposed. All four formats label the rows and columns. Tables can also be downloaded in a comma delimited format ready for manipulation with large statistical packages. The rows and columns have coded rather than alphabetic headers.

Geographic Area: U.S., states, counties, places, census tracts, block groups, and blocks.
Time Period: 2000.


Native American Data Availability: 2006

There is some social and economic data for the 14 Native American reservations listed in the American Community Survey, 2006, (below). The majority, though not all, of the residents on a particular reservation will be members of the tribe.

Five-year age groups by sex for Native Americans as a whole is available for counties in American Factfinder/Data Sets/2000 Census Summary File 1 Click on Choose All Geographic Types/American Indian Reservations/By County. Example.

There MAY be SOME social and economic characteristics available for individual tribes (e.g. Navajo, Chippewa) on a national basis through the American Community Survey's Public Use Microdata Samples.

Population Estimates http://www.census.gov/popest/datasets.html

Annual estimates of the population by large racial groups (including Native American as a whole) by five-year age groups, race and sex for the nation, states, and counties. Go to middle of the page for county estimates and then choose state. Use the file layout to manipulate your spreadsheet. EXAMPLE

American Community Survey. (http://factfinder.census.gov/)

Annual sample survey of the public with questions very similar to the 2000 Census sample questionnaire. Data is cumulated on a rolling basis and will eventually replace the 2010 sample questionnaire. Access is primarily through American Factfinder/Data Sets.

The 2005 survey provides data for the U.S. and states as well as counties, groups of counties (pumas), and cities over 65,000 in population. There is also data for the following Native American Reservations:

    Cherokee OTSA, OK
    Cherokees of Southeast Alabama SDAISA, AL
    Cheyenne-Arapaho OTSA, OK
    Chickasaw OTSA, OK
    Choctaw OTSA, OK
    Citizen Potawatomi Nation-Absentee Shawnee OTSA, OK
    Coharie SDAISA, NC
    Creek OTSA, OK
    Echota Cherokee SDAISA, AL
    Four Winds Cherokee SDAISA, LA
    Kiowa-Comanche-Apache-Fort Sill Apache OTSA, OK
    Lumbee SDAISA, NC
    Navajo Nation Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land, AZ--NM--UT
    United Houma Nation SDAISA, LA

Data for places over 20,000 will be available in 2008; for census tracts in 2010.

American Community Survey Integrated Public Use Microdata Samples (http://usa.ipums.org/usa/sda/).

These are raw data files from the American Community Survey, which you can use to tabulate your own variables. The data for most tribes is at a national level only. Options for using them:
  1. IPUMS Public Use Software. You will choose your variables on the lefthand side of the screen and filter for a particular tribe. See Example 1 and Example 2.
  2. Contact the University of Michigan Documents Center (govdocs@umich.edu or Spatial and Numeric Data Service (sand@umich.edu) for personalized assistance using PDQ Explore.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Data and Statistics. (http://www.cdc.gov/DataStatistics/

Comprehensive guide to health disease, health habits, and hospitalizations. Main page arranged by subject (briths, chronic disease indicators, lyme disease, etc). Tabs at the bottom link to the CDC's major surveys and microdata, including National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Health Interview Survey, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and National Hospital Discharge Survey. Always check survey codebooks to determine if data available by race or tribe.

CDC Wonder. (http://wonder.cdc.gov/)

This particular CDC web site is focused on disease, including mortality, natality, AIDS, STDs, fluoridation, Census. Some data broken down by state or local area (e.g. death of black women by age and county and disease) or American Indian (leading causes of death, cancer, AIDS, natality, tuberculosis. EXAMPLE 1 and EXAMPLE 2. In Arizona, the Navajo Reservation covers Apache, Coconino and Navajo Counties while the Tohono O'Oodham live in Maricopa, Pima and Pinal Counties.

Geographic Area: U.S., states, and counties.
Time Period: 1979 to present.

Indian Health Service. (http://www.ihs.gov/)

Statistical data scattered throughout web site. The statistical section is in the process of being redesigned so some current material may be missing. The index page page is: http://www.ihs.gov/NonMedicalPrograms/IHS_Stats/index.cfm?module=hqPub&option=index

Statistical Universe. ((http://web.lexis-nexis.com/statuniv/) (U Mich Only)

Indexes federal government statistical tables since 1974, business and state government publications since 1980, and international agency publications since 1983. FIND A TABLE indexes over 400,000 statistical tables by title, row or column and provides gif or xls access to the table. Keyword approach includes category searches (by type of geographic area, economic factor, or demographic characteristic). FIND A PUBLICATION has similar indexes but covers a wider range of publications. If you identify a title not linked to the full text, try searching for it in Google's Uncle Sam [http://www.google.com/ig/usgov] or MIRLYN. All publications are available on microfiche in the Documents Center.

Geographic Area: Foreign, international, U.S., state, county, city, census tract, zip code, block group.
Time Period: Primarily 1973+


Citation Sources for Census and Online Data

Excel for Census Data Users

Illustrated guide to using Excel, including transposing rows and columns, ranking and filtering data, converting Adobe Acrobat files into Excel.


Subject Librarian E-Mail Phone
Census Grace York graceyor@umich.edu 764-0410
Health Research Helen Look hlook@umich.edu 936-7663
Mapping/GIS Karl Longstreth karleric@umich.edu 764-0407
Statistical Manipulation/GIS Jennifer Green greenjen@umich.edu 615-7419

Grace York, Coordinator, Documents Center
The University of Michigan Library


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