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Classical period of the Ottoman Empire c. 1300-1600
Circumscribing the life and times of Suleiman the Magnificent 1481-1598
Life Span of Suleiman the Magnificent 1494-1566
Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566

Birth of Suleiman the Magnificent
---1495---Death of Cem (25 February).
---1496---The Ottomans in Montenegro.  Albert of Poland's invasions of Moldavia.  Polish-Hungarian alliance. 
---1497---War with Poland.
---1498---War with Poland.
---1499---War with Poland.  War with Venice.  Ottoman naval victory at Navarino (12 August).  Conquest of Lepanto.
---1500---War with Venice.  Hungary declares war on the Ottomans.  Shah Ismail in power in Iran.  Revolt of the Karamanid tribes in the Taurus Mountains.
---1501---War with Venice.
---1502---War with Venice.
---1503---War with Venice.  Peace treaty with Venice (10 August).
---1504---Shah Ismail in Baghdad.
---1507---Ismail's march through Ottoman territory against Dulkadir.
---1511---Insurrection in north-east Anatolia.  Death of Bayezid II (26 May).
---1512---Accession of Selim I (May 26).  Selim I defeats and executes his brothers and suppresses the partisans of Shah Ismail in Anatolia.
---1513---Selim I defeats and executes his brothers and suppresses the partisans of Shah Ismail in Anatolia.
---1514---Selim defeats Shah Ismail at Caldiran (23 August).   Victory of the Ottoman forces over the Safavid Dynasty.
---1515---Mutiny of the Janissaries (February).  Capture of Kemah (19 May).  Conquest of the principality of Dulkadir (June).
---1516---Conquest of Diyarbekir (April).  Submission of eastern Anatolia to the Ottomans.  Selim defeats the Mamluks at Marj Dabik (24 August).  Selim in Aleppo. Victory of the Ottomans over the Egyptian Mamluk Dynasty.
---1517---Battle of Reydaniyya (22 January).  Tuman Bay's resistance in Cairo.  Submission of the Sherif of Mecca (17 July). Selim I enters Cairo.  Syria and Egypt incorporated into the Ottoman Empire
---1520--- Death of Selim I (21 September).  Accession of Suleiman (30 September)
---1521---Suleiman takes Belgrade. (29 August).  Defeat and execution of Janbardi Ghazali in Syria (February).   Canberdi al-Ghazali's revolt in Egypt is crushed.
---1522---End of the Dulkadir dynasty.  Suleiman conquers Rhodes (January 21).
---1523---Ibrahim becomes Grand Vizier.
---1524--- Ahmed Pasha's revolt in Egypt (January).
---1525---Ibrahim in Egypt (24 March-14 June).
---1526---Battle of Mohacs (29 August), Louis II killed.  Suleiman I in Buda (10 September).  John Zapolya becomes King of Hungary (10 November).
---1527---Ferdinand of Austria in Buda.
---1529---Barbarossa takes control of Algiers.  Suleiman I captures Buda (8 September).  Zapolya crowned in Buda (14 September).  Suleiman I besieges Vienna (26 September - 16 October).
---1531---The Austrians besiege Buda (Decmeber).
---1532---Suleiman I's campaign against Austria.  Capture of Guns (28 August).  Andrea Doria captures Coron (8 August).
---1533---Two Iraqs Campaign.  Conquest of Baghdad. Peace with Ferdinand (22 June).  Hayreddin Barbarossa becomes grand admiral.  Barbarossa's conquest of Tunis (August).  Reconquest of Coron (12 September).  War with Iran (August).
---1534---Barbarossa takes Tunis. Conquest of Tabriz (13 July).  Allegiance of the Sultan of Gilan.  Suleiman I in Baghdad.
---1535---Suleiman I returns to Tabriz (spring).  Charles V in Tunis (21 July). Charles V recaptures Tunis.  J. de la Forest's mission to Suleiman.
---1536---Execution of Ibrahim (5 March).  Ayas Pasha becomes Grand Vizier.  The Franco-Ottoman alliance; capitulations. Suleiman I returns to Istanbul (8 January). 
---1537---War with Venice.   Suleiman I in Albania.  Ottoman raid into Apulia (July).  Siege of Corfu (25 August).  Suleiman I returns to Istanful (1 October).
---1538---  Suleiman I in Moldavia (summer).  Annexation of Southern Moldavia (4 October).  Suleiman Pasha of Egypt before Diu (4 September).  Naval Battle of Preveza (29 September).
---1539---Death of Ayas Pasha; Lutfi Pasha becomes Grand Vizier. Conquest of Castelnuovo (10 August)
---1540---Peace with Venice (2 October).  Surrender of Monemvasia and Napoli di Romagna.  Death of Zapolya.  The Austrians besiege Buda.
---1541---Suleiman at Buda; annexation of Hungary.    Lutfi Pasha deposed; Suleiman Pasha becomes Grand Vizier.  Suleiman I's campaign against Ferdinand.  Suleiman I in Buda (2 September).  Annexation of Hungary.  Charles V  disastrous expedition to Algiers (20 October).
---1543---Barbarossa's expedition along the French coast; siege of Nice.  Suleiman in Hungary. The Franco-Ottoman fleet takes Nice (20 August).  Suleiman I in Hungary.  Conquest of Valpovo, Pecs, Siklos, and Gran.
---1544---Suleiman Pasha deposed; Rustem Pasha becomes Grand Vizier.  Conquest of Vishegrad.
---1545---Armistice between Suleiman I and Ferdinand.
Peace of Constantinople.  Occupation of San'a and Ta'izz. Peace treaty between the Ottomans and the Habsburgs, including the Pope, Venice and the King of France (1 August).
---1548---Suleiman I's campaign in Iran.  Conquest of Van (25 August).
---1549---Conquests in Georgia.  Suleiman I returns to Istanbul (12 December).
---1550--- Construction of the Suleiman mosque.
---1551---Construction of the Suleiman mosque.  Piri Reis's expedition. The Ottomans in Transylvania.  Conquest of Becskerek, Varad, Csanad, and Lippa.  Turgud reis (Dragut) captures Tripoli (14 August).
---1552---Conquest of Temesvar (July) and other cities in Ranat.  Ottoman failure agains the Portuguese at Hormuz.  Russian occupation of Kazan.  Ottoman failure are Erlau (October). Construction of the Suleiman mosque.
---1553---War with Iran.  Suleiman I in Eregli (Karaman).  Execution of his son, Mustafa (16 October). Construction of the Suleiman mosque.  Sidi Ali Reis's expedition. 
---1554---Suleiman I's campaign in Iran.  Conquet of Nakhchevan and Erivan (summer).  Russian occupation of Astrakhan. Construction of the Suleiman mosque. 
---1555---Peace with Iran at Amasya (29 May). Construction of the Suleiman mosque.  Execution of Ahmed Pasha; Rustem Pasha again becomes Grand Vizier. 
---1556---Inauguration of the Suleimaniye mosque (16 August).  Continued warfare against the Austrians in Hungary. Construction of the Suleiman mosque 
---1557---Continued warfare against the Austrians in Hungary.
---1558---Continued warfare against the Austrians in Hungary.

---1559---Continued warfare against the Austrians in Hungary.  Civil war between Suleiman I's sons, Selim and Bayezid (May).  Bayezid takes refuge in Iran (November).  
---1560---The Spaniards on Djerba.  The grand admiral, Piyale Pasha, captures Djerba (31 July).
---1561---Execution of Prince Bayezid (25 September).  The Cossacks attack Axov.
---1562---Peace with the Emperor Ferdinand (1 July).   Death of Rustem Pasha; Ali Pasha becomes Grand Vizier
---1565---Siege of Malta (20 May-11 September). Death of Ali Pasha; Sokullu Pasha becomes Grand Vizier.
---1566---Siege of Szigetvar (5 August - 7 September).  Suleiman I's death before Szigetvar (6 September). Ottoman campaign in Hungary.  Accession of Selim II (24 September).  Occupation of Chios.                                               

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